Go to URL

Use the I.goTo command to navigate to a URL.

Set the URL that you want to go in the first parameter. The URL should be enclosed in quotes.


The example above instructs the test browser to navigate to https://google.com.

Open a new tab

The I.goTo command will always open URLs in the current active tab. To open an URL in a new tab instead, pass in an options object and set the newTab property to true.

I.goTo("https://google.com", {newTab: true})

The example above will open https://google.com in a new tab.

Basic HTTP Authentication

A webpage that shows a basic HTTP authentication prompt
Firefox displaying the sign in alert for website that requires Basic HTTP Authentication.

If the website you want to access shows a browser alert to prompt for login credentials, you can pass in the username and password as part of the URL in the I.goTo command, like this:


Copy the line above, and replace <USERNAME>, <PASSWORD> and the url.

Relative Paths

You can use relative paths instead of specifying the full URL. This is useful when you want to reuse a test for different test environments hosted at different base urls.

Example: Set the path

// This goes to "https://mystore.com/books/mystery"

Example: Reference current directory using "."

// This goes to "https://mystore.com/books/romance"

Note that the current directory is "/books", and the current document is "/books/mystery", so I.goTo("./romance") will navigate to "/books/romance".

Example: Go to parent path using '..'

// This goes to "https://mystore.com/"

Note that the current directory is "/books", and the current document is "/books/mystery", so I.goTo("..") will navigate to the parent directory which is "/".

Example: Set query parameter

I.goTo("?search='alice in wonderland'")
// This goes to "https://mystore.com/?search='alice in wonderland'"

Example: Set hash

// This goes to "https://mystore.com/books/mystery#popular"

Go back / Go Forward

We currently do not have native commands to navigate back or forward, but there is a workaround using the UI.execute command.

// Go back to the previous page, https://google.com

// Go forward to the next page, https://wikipedia.org

Automatic wait until page is ready

Whenever a page navigation is triggered by any means (including page navigations triggered by clicks or form submissions), UIlicious will automatically wait for the page to finish loading before proceeding with the next command.

This ensures that the styles, images, fonts, and javascript code needed for the page to be interactive are properly loaded to avoid flaky unstable tests caused by slow responses from the server or the network.

UIlicious will wait for up to 5 minutes for all blocking assets to be loaded on the page. The time taken to complete I.goTo commands (and any command that triggers a page navigation) also includes the time taken to load the page.

Reference: I.goTo command


I.goTo(url, options);



URL to navigate to.

You can use an absolute URL like http://mystore.com/shoes or a relative URL like /shoes.

If there is Basic HTTP Authentication on the page, add the username and password to your url like this: https://username:[email protected]

optionsobjectSee below.


newTabbooleanFlag to open the url in an new tab. Defaults to false
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